The Siege of Vienna: The Last Great Trial Between Cross & Crescent

The Siege of Vienna: The Last Great Trial Between Cross & Crescent by John Stoye

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Authors: John Stoye
Tags: History, middle east, Turkey & Ottoman Empire
ABBREVIATIONS
    Acta Acta regis Joannis III ad res anno 1683, ed. F. Kluczycki (Acta historica res gestas Poloniae illustrantia 1507–1795, vol. vi), Cracow, 1883.
    A.ö.G. Archiv für österreichische Geschichte (including Archiv für Kunde Österreichischer Geschichts-Quellen).
    Bojani F. Bojani, Innocent XI. Sa correspondance avec ses nonces, vol. iii, Roulers, 1912.
    B.L. British Library.
    Hammer J. Hammer, Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches, vol. vi, Pest, 1830.
    H.H.S. Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv, Vienna.
    Hocke N. Hocke, Kurtze Beschreibung . . . Wienn von 7 Julii bis 12 Septembris (Vienna, 1685).
    K.J. ‘Das Kriegsjahr 1683 nach Acten und anderen authentischen Quellen’, Mitteilungen des K. K. Kriegs-Archivs, Vienna, 1883.
    Klopp O. Klopp, Das Jahr 1683 und der folgende grosse Türkenkrieg bis zum Frieden von Carlowitz 1699, Graz, 1882.
    Kreutel Kara Mustafa vor Wien. Das türkische Tagebuch der Belagerung Wiens 1683, verfasst vom Zeremonienmeister der Hohen Pforte, ed. R. F. Kreutel, Graz, 1955.
    M.I.ö.G. Mitteilungen des österreichischen Instituts für Geschichtsforschung.
    M.M. Necati Salim, ‘Die zweite Belagerung Wiens im Jahre 1683’, Militärwissenschaftliche Mitteilungen, vol. lxiv, Vienna, 1933.
    Newald J. Newald, Beiträge zur Geschichte der Belagerung von Wien durch die Türken, im Jahre 1683, Vienna, 1883–4.
    N.Q. ‘Neue Quellen zur Geschichte des Türkenjahres 1683 aus dem Lothringischen Hausarchiv’, ed. F. Stöller, M.I.ö.G. Ergänzungs-Bd. xiii, Vienna, 1933.
    Renner V. Renner, Wien im Jahre 1683, Vienna 1883.
    U. und A. Urkunden und Aktenstücke zur Geschichte des Kurfürsten Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg, Berlin, 1864–1930.
    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE
    The great modern bibliography of the second (as of the first) siege of Vienna, which supersedes all previous lists of the kind, is W. Sturminger, Bibliographie und Ikonographie der Türkenbelagerungen Wiens 1529 und 1683 ( Veröffentlichungen der Kommissiom für neuere Geschichte Österreichs, vol. xli), Graz, 1955. It lists 2,547 published items on the siege of 1683.
    It is noticeable that the second centenary of 1683 produced a very large number of publications, both of the primary sources and of critical studies, and therefore the best introduction to the whole subject may perhaps be found in two reviews of that time: K. Uhlirz, ‘Die neueste Literatur über des Jahres 1683’, pp. 325–49, in M.I.ö.G, v (1884), and F. Maresch, ‘Das Jahr 1683’, pp. 179–216, in Historisches Jahrbuch. Görres-Gesellschaft, v. (1884). Fifty years later there was a good but less copious harvest. Among the works which appeared in 1933, R. Lorentz, Türkenjahr 1683 (a revised edition was published in 1944) gives a good general account of the siege, and the notes and bibliography refer to the researches which have been carried out since 1883. Its subtitle, Das Reich im Kampf um den Ostraum, gives a fair idea of the author’s leading theme.
    The third century of the siege was celebrated in many places, from New York via Vienna and Warsaw to Istanbul. There was a modest output of new studies, and of new primary sources. A general survey of these will be found in W. Leitsch and M. D. Peyfuss, ‘Drei hundert Jahre seit dem Entsatz von Wien 1683’ in Jahrbuch für Geschichte Osteuropas, 32 (1984).
    The most comprehensive account of the whole topic is Thomas M. Barker, Double Eagle and Crescent. Vienna’s second Turkish siege and its historical setting (Albany, New York, 1967).

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